ASIST Briefing Paper
THE CHALLENGE Suicide is a major issue at an international level with there being direct relationships realised between Suicide numbers and health, social and economic inequalities. In England, one person dies every two hours as a result of suicide. When someone takes their own life, the effect on their family and friends is devastating. Many others involved in providing support and care will feel the impact.
The suicide rate in the U.K. drastically shot up in 2011, reaching an all-time high since 2004, according to the latest data from the Office for National Statistics. The 8% increase in the number of suicides from 2010 to 2011 highlights the effects that times of financial hardship can have on the public.
In total, there were 6,045 suicides in 2011 which is 437 more than the previous year, translating into a rise from 11.1 to 11.8 deaths per 100,000 people. The number of male suicides increased in 2011 to 4,552, a rate of 18.2 per 100,000 (the highest it's been in 10 years). Female suicides also increased to 1,493, a rate of 5.6 per 100,000 (the highest rate in 6 years).
The suicide rate was highest among men in their late 30s and early 40s (23.5 deaths per 100,000 population in 2011). Suicide is the second biggest killer among young men globally. A recent study published in The Lancet found that there is a serious lack of research into what prevention techniques are the most effective in preventing suicide.