The Phenomenon of Suicide MM Through The Gates

The Phenomenon of Suicide

Suicide is one of the last big taboos' in modern day society; a phenomenon that affects so many people in our communities in so many ways and yet has not been tackled within our communities.

In Britain, each year, more than 6000 people kill themselves; that’s 4000 more deaths per year than occur on all our roads. Over 75% of all suicides completed are by men.

It has been identified that there are key identifiable factors that increase the likelihood of suicidal ideation and behaviour. Such factors that are associated with suicide include social factors, cultural factors, economic crisis, work stresses, mental health difficulties, family issues, substance misuse, sexual orientation, individual crisis, bullying and more recently, the recognition of the conflict between more traditional gender identities and modern society.

Where a multiple of these factors is applicable to an individual, there is a heightened level of risk in respect of that individual and their propensity for considering suicide as a realistic option.

“there are direct links between mental ill health and social factors such as unemployment and debt. Both are risk factors for suicide. Previous periods of high unemployment and/or severe economic problems have been accompanied by increased incidence of mental ill health and higher suicide rates.”

Identity and Suicide

According to the Samaritans many men compare themselves against a masculine ‘gold standard’ which prizes power, control and invincibility. Having a job and providing for the family is central to this, especially for working class men and when this gold standard is no longer deemed to be being met such men may feel a sense of defeat and/or shame leading to contemplation of suicide. This ideal man being a socially constructed aspect of hegemonic masculinity, also means that emotional withdrawal and rigidity – a reduced likelihood of seeking help – may influence gender differences in suicidal behaviours.

 

Studies have shown that men are less likely than women to consult for most conditions, and for mental health and emotional problems specifically. The reasons for this could be argued to involve the way in which norms of masculinity are constructed to include a denial of pain, emotional sensitivity and anxiety. Asking for help, even in the face of possible suicide, may be viewed by many men as feminine behaviour, and if men are to live up to expectations of strength and independence, they are required to sort out their mental and physical problems on their own.

For many men, not coping is seen as an indicator of weakness and depression is a mental illness that for many is still viewed as inconsistent with a masculine identity. Studies have demonstrated that men’s response to depression often involves social withdrawal (including hiding symptoms from others), unwillingness to consult healthcare professionals, and a denial of symptoms.

 

Suicide and Criminal Justice

Prison suicides in England and Wales have risen to the highest level for seven years with 82 prisoners taking their own lives last year, according to new figures.

Historically, preventing suicides while offenders are in prison has been a much bigger priority than preventing them once prisoners get out. But a new studies looking into prisoner suicides once they’re released has found that the risk of suicide for male offenders is eight times the national average, with over 25 percent of those suicides occurring in the first four weeks of their release.

According to this study, those at most risk are so-called 'revolvers' or 'churners' – frequently in and out of prison. Their lives revolve between chaotic existences in the community and spells in custody. As such, often they are not under the supervision of probation services, neither do they have meaningful contact with primary care or specialist mental health services.

In respect of the original opportunity to develop a programme to support men who were at risk of suicide, Forward for Life and Common Unity viewed the original Manmade Programme (as it came to be known) as a way to do things a little differently from the traditional norm. The programme proposed was peer support based in approach whilst utilising the Five Ways to Well-Being framework in a format that was able to be engaged with fully by the ‘target audience’ of ‘vulnerable’ men.

The Five Ways to WellBeing was seen as key in ensuring the greatest impact upon the wellbeing of participants as mental health needs and vulnerabilities to suicidal ideation are best addressed via a holistic approach and not through solely concentrating efforts on risk reduction often associated with mental health problems.

We believe that individuals who have thoughts of suicide must have their needs addressed including providing individuals with the necessary internal resilience tools, self-care skills, personal sense of the self and knowledge of services that engender opportunities for satisfactory living.

ManMade therefore is very much an upstream approach – it doesn’t start with identification of illness and potential cure, it doesn’t look to come into play at the point of addressing the devastation caused by suicidal behaviour – what it does is recognise that through an emphasis on education, promotion, prevention and protection the number of vulnerable people coming to the point of contemplating suicide as the only rational option available is reduced.

Aspirations in respect of a self-determined quality of life is very much on the agenda with ManMade members. The approach supports men to identify and adopt new approaches that enables them to better deal with as well as more readily accept and understand both internal and external challenges. Focus is on the origins of good health and not the causes of disease. A Salutogenic Approach.

MANMADE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROPOSAL

360 People Brings Solutions

 

360 brings solutions

 

Times are hard. Organisations are having to tighten their financial belts but are still expected to deliver best quality services to the greatest number of people. To make this happen, delivery agencies have to ensure that their staff and other contributors (such as service users and volunteers) have the skills, knowledge and confidence to look after themselves and the people they work with for the benefit of all.

 

Balancing the books as well as ensuring a highly trained, highly skilled motivated work-force is a huge challenge. 360people recognises this and has solutions.

 

“Training is everything,” Mark Twain once said. But with public leaders under intense pressure to steer a course through the deepest austerity cuts in postwar Britain, training and development is being hugely affected.

The 360people recognize that individuals need a well-balanced life to be able to have a good mental health. One in Four pulls together four well recognised, well respected and well evaluated training programmes into one arena over two days offering those who engage with mental health in a professional and volunteer capacity the opportunity to gain a good level of knowledge and skill in the briefest time period at an affordable cost.

We realise that although statutory training has to be the lynch pin of training across organisations to ensure that all the mandatory measures to assure quality of service are realised, at the same time there is a clear need to ensure that those working at the coal face of mental health and well-being need to access highly reputed, well tested, quality training opportunities in this field. But we also recognise this needs to be affordable, hence the One in Four Approach.

 

360 People Training Solutions In Mental Health and Well-being

360 people pulls together four well recognised, well respected and well evaluated training programmes into one arena. This two day course offers those who engage with mental health in a professional and volunteer capacity the opportunity to gain a good level of knowledge and skill in the briefest time period at an affordable cost.

 

Who are 360people

Innovative, forward thinking and tailored

As the driving force behind 360people, Common Unity have teamed up with a number of specialist West Midlands based innovative training providers who bring to the table a thorough and well-recognised active knowledge of the Health and Social Care Sector and the dynamics that exist within specifically in respect of mental health and well-being.

 

 

Through this partnership arrangement, Common Unity can ensure that as a central point of reference we can provide accessible, high quality training and development opportunities that are innovative, forward thinking and tailored to organisational need across the Health and Social Care Sector and wider still. In addition, this provision can be realised at a highly competitive price with the greatest degree of positive impact on those receiving the training.

 

Training is everything

 

 

With major health and social care changes taking place on a backdrop of sweeping financial austerity measures across the sector, many public sector departments and third sector organisations are struggling, and in the case of the latter, many are not managing to survive the economic consequences.

 

There appears to be no abatement in respect of pressures on the public sector to take wholesale austerity measures as well as requiring more from providers across the board. In this ever increasingly competitive market with purse strings having to be tightened something has to give – and one of the early sacrifices in such difficult times is always training and staff development.

 

"Training is everything," Mark Twain once said. But with public leaders under intense pressure to steer a course through the deepest austerity cuts in postwar Britain, training and development is being hugely affected.

Local government are reporting a wholesale reduction in workforce development – core mandatory training as a minimum must continue, but wider professional development is taking a hit which will compromise the future provision of effective services across the health and social care sector especially in the fields of mental health and well-being which cannot rely solely on the clinical approach as mental health problems are inextricably associated with wider socio-economic determinants therefore requiring a more holistic person centred response to the challenge.

 

360people realises that core training has to be the lynchpin of development across organisations to ensure that all the mandatory measures to assure quality of service are realised. However, at the same time there is a clear need to ensure that those working at the front line of mental health and well-being need to access highly reputed, well tested, quality training opportunities in this field.

 

for more informationn please visit : 360people.org

Suicide Prevention in Sandwell

common-unity-sandwell

 

Suicide Prevention In Sandwell

"Suicide does not end the chances of life getting worse. 

 

 

 

Suicide eliminates the possibility of it ever getting better."

 

Steps towards a suicide safer Sandwell

Sandwell Borough Council have commissioned Common Unity to help them achieve a suicide safer community. Over the next 3 years Common Unity and partner organisation, Forward for Life will be delivering the world renowned suicide prevention training programmes, ASIST and safeTALK across Sandwell.
 
Common Unity and partner trainers can’t wait to push the message
"that one suicide is one too many". 

 

Dudley MBC Embraces Suicide Prevention

Suicide is one of the biggest taboos in modern day society; a phenomenon that affects so many people in our communities in so many ways and yet has not been tackled by our communities. In Britain, each year, more than 6000 people kill themselves; that’s 4000 more deaths per year than occur on all our roads. Yet suicide remains a taboo subject that most people won’t entertain talking about it, never mind feeling able to support someone who they think might be considering taking their own life.

In 2011, the suicide rate in the U.K. drastically shot up, reaching a 7 year high.Dudley MBC have recognised this and have begun working closely with two West Midlands based specialist organisations in the field of suicide prevention to make Dudley Suicide Safer.

A key approach to suicide prevention is through the delivery of internationally respected and recognised training that looks to strengthen the knowledge base, the skill base and the resilience levels within and across our communities for all community members both in a professional context and general population context.

safeTALK and ASIST are two internationally licensed and endorsed training programmes that engage communities with the myriad of challenges that suicide brings and enables communities to play a vital interventionist role in preventing suicidal behaviour. The Office of Public Health, Dudley MBC are bringing this training to Dudley in 2014.

To date Common Unity and Forward For Life have led the implementation of delivering both safeTALK and ASIST as part of a combined approach to enabling communities to be Suicide Safer.

This training has engaged recipients from a range of backgrounds including Mental Health specialist services, teachers, lecturers, the housing sector, bereavement services, suicide support groups, counsellors, carers, GP’s, front line primary care workers, the emergency services, specialist third sector organisations who work with vulnerable communities (e.g. Homeless, Substance Misuse), Service User Forums, health sector commissioners, the private healthcare sector and social workers.

However, Forward For Life and Common Unity are not just about training. They see a need to address suicide through a number of approaches under the banner of the SOS Programme being currently pushed out across the West Midlands.

This programme looks to ensure that strategically suicide prevention is addressed at a local level; that the stigma and taboo surrounding suicide is directly challenged through campaigns and specialist training across communities and the health and social care sector and that organisations and commissioning bodies are recognised for their engagement with the suicide prevention agenda. Dudley MBC are fully signed up to the SOS Programme recognising the need to challenge the issue of suicide through more than just training.

If you want more information about the SOS programme please visit www.s-o-s.org.uk. If you interested to know more about Forward For Life and Common Unity and the work they are doing then don’t hesitate to get in touch with either of the partners.

Suicide Safer Community

Download issue No. 02 Public Mental Health e-Bulletin below

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